How Canadians React to Climate Change
Climate change is an increasingly serious issue in Canada, and Montreal is no exception. The city is working to adapt to the effects of global warming by creating a climate change guide for residents. But the real fight will be in the political arena. The city’s mayor, Christine Stamp, is attempting to make this issue more accessible by addressing the concerns of local residents. Read on for her thoughts on the topic. We are all affected by climate change in one way or another, but how can we make sure that we don’t do anything to speed up the problem?
Adaptation to climate change
The city of Montréal is already dealing with the impacts of climate change – from urban heat islands to changing population patterns – but the city’s future depends on tackling these issues holistically. Beyond climate change, other factors, including socioeconomic development, will amplify and mitigate these effects. Here are some ideas to adapt Montreal to climate change. Adaptation to climate change in Montreal starts with the borough’s plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
First, the city’s vulnerability to average temperature increases is hard to map. There are no specific sectors most vulnerable to climate change. The entire territory will be affected, including the city’s road network, concrete infrastructure, and associated structures. As temperatures increase, the city’s infrastructure is particularly vulnerable to freeze-thaw cycles. A new study indicates that Montreal may be exposed to up to two additional months of summer, as much as six months earlier.
The plan consolidates the adaptation measures already in place. Montreal’s agglomeration has more than 30 strategies and plans that address climate impacts. Adaptation measures are measures intended to reduce vulnerability on the territory and express the way municipal players respond to the changing climate. These measures may be incorporated into existing plans, strategies, and by-laws, or may be considered short-term adaptation measures between now and 2020.
Impacts of climate change on individual regions
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has summarized the health impacts of climate change. It found that warmer temperatures in Quebec lead to fewer days with frozen soil. This decrease in frozen soil may be attributed to the increasing number of forest fires in Quebec. However, it does not mean that a city is immune to the effects of climate change. Many industries are affected by these changes. Therefore, it is important to take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The health sector in central Canada is heavily dependent on the climate. Increasingly warmer temperatures may increase heat-related illnesses. Heatwaves and smog episodes are two examples. Moreover, environmental changes may support the spread of vector-borne diseases. Therefore, climate change will have a significant impact on health. While assessing health risks, we need to consider the impacts of climate change on individual regions of Montreal.
In Quebec, the climate is generally mild, but can be extreme, causing flooding. This extreme weather can be caused by the melting of snow, intense rains, and rising sea levels. As of 2021, flooding in Quebec has already affected hundreds of people. Climate change is expected to lead to similar events in Canada. In fact, many municipalities will be affected by flooding this summer and next. Luckily, many residents of the city are resilient, and the impact of climate change is not immediate.
Challenges to international cooperation on climate change
There are some common challenges to international cooperation on climate change. The first is that climate change is a global problem with regional implications. The other is that a global solution would require a truly global system. Even if an agreement were to be reached, it would likely fail to reduce emissions in every country. This challenge to international cooperation has several possible solutions. Let’s consider a few of these solutions.
The Montreal Protocol was designed to address these challenges. Despite its success in drawing a broad coalition of developed and developing countries, the protocol still faces a number of other problems. It has to overcome challenges in attracting participation and increasing compliance, preventing free riding, and strengthening commitments over time. It must also overcome the costs of implementation, behavioural changes, and neutralizing veto players. The challenges that a global environmental regime faces will also affect the Montreal Protocol.
The Kyoto Protocol failed in its main goal, limiting global warming to two degrees Celsius. By the end of the Paris Agreement, more than half of the world’s fossil fuels would have been burned. The remaining half of economically recoverable fossil fuels would be available until 2050. However, this agreement failed to tackle the issue of how to divide the emissions. The developed nations emitted far more than their fair share.